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Pea puffer (carinotetraodon travancoricus) care

Updated 2-19-2023

  1. Origin
  2. Diet
  3. Habitat  
  4. Coloration & size
  5. Care
  6. Tank size
  7. Feeding
  8. Breeding
pea puffer

Pea puffer origin

The pea puffer is a fascinating species of freshwater fish native to areas of Southeast and South Asia, such as India, Bangladesh, and Thailand. This curious aquatic creature has an elongated body with a pointed snout, and its most distinguishing feature are the bumps on its back that resemble peas.

It’s believed that the ‘peas’ on the puffer help the pea puffer camouflage among the plants and rocks in its natural habitat. Interestingly, it’s one of the few species of freshwater fish that can survive in brackish water due to its incredible ability to adapt to changing environments.

Pea puffer diet

Pea puffers are one of the most popular freshwater aquarium fish due to their vibrant colors and small size. While they may be small, take note that their diet should not be taken lightly. Pea puffers require a healthy, varied diet to thrive. The best food sources for pea puffers include brine shrimp, blood worms, insect larvae, and (if available) a variety of chopped fruits and vegetables.

Pea puffer habitat  

Pea puffers are fascinating and unique fish that require specialized habitats. Ideal water conditions include temperatures between 73 and 79 degrees Fahrenheit, with a total hardness of 175 to 200 ppm and a pH of 6.0 to 7.0, contributing to the need for specialized care for these pepper-sized fish.

They like plenty of hiding places in the form of plants and caves, as well as open swimming space around those items for their active nature. To ensure optimal health in these easily stressed fish, frequent partial water changes are recommended and use of a filter appropriate for their size tank is a must.

Pea puffer coloration & size

Pea puffers, also known as Dwarf Puffers or Pygmy Puffers, are an incredibly diverse species of fish that come in all sorts of shapes and sizes. However, one trait they all share is the presence of vibrant colors. Pea puffer coloration can range from yellow to bright red to electric blue and everything in between.

As for size, these fish rarely get longer than 2 inches when fully mature, making them perfect for smaller aquariums or even little bowls. Because of their impressive array of colors, aquarium hobbyists often seek these types of puffers for their collections.

Pea puffer care

Before bringing home your new pea puffer, ensure to have the tank set up properly with dedicated filtration as these fish can produce a lot of waste that needs to be broken down.

Additionally, keep in mind that pea puffers are very sensitive to water chemistry and quality so regular water changes and testing are much more important than for other fish species. For feeding, it’s best to feed them small pieces of frozen or live food such as brine shrimp and grindal worms – the size should be about equal to the width of their eye. With the proper care, your new pet will bring you happiness and enjoyment for years to come.

Pea puffer tank size

Pea puffer tanks provide a unique and colorful aquascape for fish hobbyists of all skill levels. These cute little fish require tanks of at least 10 gallons to stay healthy, with some owners opting for even larger tank sizes. It’s important to have the right size of tank — not too small, but not too large — to provide plenty of room for your puffer while keeping an aesthetically pleasing home for your aquatic pet. Additionally, pea puffers are territorial and can become aggressive with other fish within their surroundings, so the space provided by a well-sized tank is essential.

Feeding pea puffers 

Feeding a pea puffer fish can be both an enjoyable and challenging task. Though smaller than most aquarium fish, they have significantly larger appetites. While the recommended diet for pea puffers is small flakes, offering variety and some live food like banana worms and mosquito larvae is important.

Because of their size, a single pea puffer should never be fed more than about three pellets of food at a time, or it can cause health problems. Pea puffers also prefer to feed alone so keepers may have to disperse the food each day for a better feeding experience. Taking the proper steps to feed a pea puffer adds to its overall lifespan and ensures it lives long and healthy.

How to breed pea puffers

Breeding pea puffer fish is a hobby enjoyed by many fish enthusiasts. While they take a bit of extra care to keep healthy and happy, these tiny fish are well worth the effort. Pea puffers are uniquely fascinating creatures with entertaining behaviors and animations, sure to captivate your attention – it’s easy to get hooked on raising them!

Breeding pea puffers successfully requires keeping track of their diet, water quality, water temperature, and parameters for pH levels; however, careful observation and maintenance will ensure that your little pea puffers thrive. It can be gratifying to see multiple generations of this unique species thrive in your home aquarium.

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